Dental Implant Diseases

Dental Implant Diseases

Dental implants are at risk of developing diseases such as peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

Peri-implant mucositis causes gum inflammation around the soft tissues of the dental implant, with no evidence of damage or loss of bone. It occurs as a result of bacterial build-up around the gums supporting your dental implant and is reversible if caught in its early stages. However, if left untreated it can evolve to peri-implantitis.

Peri-implantitis occurs as a result of pathological inflammatory changes within the tissue which causes the supporting bone to shrink away from the implant fixture. As bacteria finds its way into the cavity between the abutment to which the implant is fixed and the implant itself, inflammation can occur causing harm to both the soft and hard tissues, and bone surrounding the infected implant. Peri-implantitis usually requires surgical treatment in order to be addressed.

Symptoms of peri-implant diseases are similar to those of Gingivitis including:

Red, swollen or tender gums around the implants
Bad breath and/or a foul taste in the mouth
Loosening of gums around the implant
Pain and difficulty while chewing

In order to maintain the health of your implants, regular tooth brushing, flossing and regular check-ups from a dental professional are vital. Other risk factors for developing peri-implant disease include previous periodontal disease diagnosis, poor plaque control, smoking, and diabetes. It is essential to routinely monitor dental implants as part of a comprehensive periodontal evaluation.

If you’re symptomatic of dental implant diseases, it is important to consult with Dr Puljich so the appropriate treatment plan can be constructed based on the stage and severity of your condition.

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